Cortland Apples- A Great Choice for Cider

Cortland Apples- A Great Choice for Cider
Cortland apple is another wonderful choice for cider. This variety originated at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. Sources disagree as to the date of its release, either 1898 or 1915. In any case, it wasn’t protected by a patent at that time.

It was named after Cortland County, New York. An old Miller catalog described it as an improved McIntosh. Cortland apple was one of the first varieties to be developed from the McIntosh.

This variety is quite popular. Depending on the source used, it is one of the top fifteen or the top twelve apples grown in the U.S.

Very hardy, this does best in zones 3 through 8. This heirloom has long been a favorite. It blooms early to mid-season. No pollinator is needed, but this is considered beneficial.

Cortland apple needs 800 to 1000 hours of winter chill. When grown in warm climates, these apples will be crispy.

Cortland apples ripen mid to late season, beginning in mid-September, about two weeks later than McIntosh. Resembling McIntosh, these last better on the tree than the McIntosh. This is a vigorous, spreading tree that begins bearing when young. Very fruitful, it will bear a heavy crop each year.

Cortland apple is a Ben Davis x McIntosh cross. Ben Davis apple is an old time Southern heirloom apple.

Cortland apples are slightly larger and brighter colored than McIntosh. Typically, the skin will be multi-colored with one-fourth to one-third of the skin being red and the rest being yellow with a purple blush.

This variety has melting, fine grained, tender, white flesh. This is juicy and crisp with a sweet, tangy, moderately acid flavor. Cortland apples usually retain their nice color well when peeled, making it a good choice for salads.

They’re excellent quality apples. Medium to large, they’re flat to somewhat round and ribbed.

For best results, remove the fruits during the first two years after planting this tree. Otherwise, the plant can become stunted. It begins bearing when young.

Cortland apple is resistant to apple maggot fly, but is prone to scab. It is widely grown in northern states.

This apple is excellent for hard cider, and can be used alone for cider. It is a good all purpose apple that is great for juice, baking, eating fresh, pies, and cooking. These are also a great dessert apple,

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